## Tot Classes (3-6 years)

- Sit and stand up with skates on – off-ice
- Sit and stand up with skates on – on-ice
- March in place
- March forward (8-10 steps)
- March forward, then glide on two feet (3 seconds)
- Dip in place

- March followed by a long glide
- Dip while moving
- Backward walking, toes turned inward, shifting weight (4-6 steps)
- Backward wiggles (6 in a row)
- Forward swizzles (2-3 in a row)
- Beginning snowplow stop motion - in place or holding onto barrier
- Two-foot hop, in place (optional)

- Forward skating (8-10 strides)
- Forward one-foot glide, two times skater's height (right & left)
- Forward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
- Backward swizzles (2-3 in a row)
- Moving forward snowplow stop (two-foot)
- Curves

- Forward skating
- Backward two-foot glide, length of skater's height
- Backward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
- Rocking horse - one forward, one backward swizzle, repeat twice
- Two-foot turns from forward to backward, in place (both directions)
- Two-foot hope, in place

## Basic Classes

- Sit and stand up – on-ice
- March forward across the ice
- Forward two-foot glide
- Dip
- Forward swizzles (6 in a row)
- Backward wiggles (6 in a row)
- Beginning snowplow stop, in place (right and left)

*Bonus skill: Two-foot hop in place

- Scooter pushes (right and left)
- Forward one-foot glides (right and left, 2 seconds)
- Backward two-foot glide
- Rocking Horse
- Backward Swizzles (6 in a row)
- Two foot turns in place (both directions)
- Moving forward snowplow stop (right and left)

*Bonus skill: Curves

- Beginning forward stroking showing correct use of blade
- Forward half swizzle pumps on a circle (clockwise and counterclockwise, 6 in a row)
- Moving forward to backward two-foot turns on a circle (clockwise and counterclockwise)
- Beginning backward one-foot glides - focus on balance
- Backward snowplow stop - right and left
- Forward slalom

*Bonus skill: Forward pivots - clockwise & counterclockwise

- Forward outside edge on a circle (right and left, 3 seconds)
- Forward inside edge on a circle (right and left, 3 seconds)
- Forward crossovers (clockwise and counterclockwise)
- Backward half swizzle pumps on a circle (clockwise and counterclockwise)
- Backward one-foot glides (right and left, 2 seconds)
- Beginning two-foot spin - up to two revolutions

*Bonus skill: Forward lunges - both legs

- Backward outside edge on a circle (right and left)
- Backward inside edge on a circle (right and left)
- Backward crossovers (clockwise and counterclockwise)
- Forward outside three-turn (right and left)
- Advanced two-foot spin (4-6)
- Hockey stop - both directions

*Bonus skill: Side toe hop (right and left)

- Forward inside three-turn (right and left)
- Moving backward to forward two-foot turns on a circle (clockwise and counterclockwise)
- Backward stroking
- Beginning one-foot spin - 2-4 revolutions
- T-stops (right and left)
- Bunny hop
- Forward spiral on a straight line (right or left)

*Bonus skill: Shoot the duck (right or left)

## Hockey Classes

- Falling and recovery to a balanced, standing position
- Proper basic hockey stance (forward and backward)
- March forward across the ice, 8-10 steps
- Two-foot glides and dips from forward marching across the ice
- Forward swizzles / double c-cuts (4 to 6 in a row)
- T-push to a two-foot glide (hold 2-4 seconds) on a straight line, alternating feet
- Snowplow stop, stationary

*Bonus Skill: Front to back and back to front turns (stationary)

- Forward strides using 45 degree V-push, focus on good recovery and alternating arm drive
- Forward one-foot push and glide (right and left)
- Forward C-Cuts: single leg (right and left) and alternating feet (right and left) in a straight line
- Backward hustle or march, then glide on two feet
- Backward swizzles / double c-cuts (4 to 6 in a row)
- Backward C-cuts, single leg (right and left) and alternating feet (right and left) in a straight line
- Two-foot moving snowplow stop

*Bonus Skills: Scooter or skateboard push, on circle (right & left)

- Lateral crossover march (both directions)
- Forward C-cuts (1/2 swizzle pumps) on a circle, both directions
- Forward outside edges on half circles (large C’s), alternating feet on the short or long axis of the rink
- Forward inside edges on half circles (large C’s), alternating feet on the short or long axis of the rink
- Backward C-cuts (1/2 swizzle pumps) on a circle, both directions
- Backward snowplow stops: One foot and two feet V-stop
- One-foot moving snowplow stop (Right and Left), introduce 1/4 turn with hips to hockey stop

*Bonus Skill: Forward stops and starts

- Quick starts using forward V-start
- Backward one-foot glide, right and left
- Forward crossover glides (clockwise and counter-clockwise). Hold feet in crossed position for 2 counts
- Backward crossover glides (clockwise and counter-clockwise). Hold feet in crossed position for 2 counts
- Forward crossovers on circle, clockwise and counterclockwise (4-6 each)
- Backward crossovers on circle, clockwise and counterclockwise (4-6 each)
- Hockey stops (stopping to the left and to the right, with speed)

*Bonus Skill: Forward to backward mohawk pivots (both directions, right and left) from powerful, full strides

## Free Skate Classes

Skating Skills:

- Forward inside open mohawk from a standstill position (R to L and L to R)
- Backward crossovers to a backward outside edge glides (landing position), clockwise and counterclockwise
- Backward outside edge to a forward outside edge transition, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Two forward crossovers into a forward inside mohawk, step down and cross behind, step into one backward crossover and step to a forward inside edge, clockwise and counterclockwise

Spins:

- One-foot upright spin, optional entry and free-foot position (minimum three revolutions)

Jumps:

- Mazurka (R and L)
- Waltz jump

*Bonus Skill: Backward inside pivots, clockwise and counterclockwise

Skating Skills:

- Forward power stroking, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Basic forward outside and forward inside consecutive edges (four to six consecutive edges)
- Backward outside three-turns (R and L)

Spin:

- Upright spin, entry from back crossovers (min. four to six revolutions)

Jumps:

- Half flip
- Toe loop

*Bonus Skill: Waltz jump-side toe hop-waltz jump sequence, or waltz jump ballet jump-toe loop sequence

Skating Skills:

- Alternating forward outside and inside spirals on a continuous axis (two sets)
- Basic backward outside and backward inside consecutive edges (four to six consecutive edges)
- Backward inside three-turns (R and L)

Spin:

- Beginning back spin (up to two revolutions)

Jumps:

- Half Lutz
- Salchow

*Bonus Skill: Variation of a forward spiral, skater’s choice

Skating Skills:

- Alternating backward crossovers to back outside edges (four sets)
- Alternating mohawk/crossover sequence (R to L and L to R)
- Waltz three-turns (forward outside three turn, backward outside edge glide), clockwise and counterclockwise

Spin:

- Advanced back spin with free foot in crossed leg position (min. three revolutions)

Jumps:

- Loop jump
- Waltz jump-toe loop or Salchow-toe loop combination

*Bonus Skill: Toe step sequence, skater’s choice, using a variety of toe steps

Skating Skills:

- Forward power three-turns (R and L), 3 sets each
- Waltz eight, clockwise and counterclockwise

Spins:

- Forward upright spin to backward upright spin (3 revs each foot)
- Sit spin (minimum three revolutions)

Jumps:

- Half loop
- Flip

*Bonus Skill: Split jump, stag jump or split falling leaf

Skating Skills:

- Backward outside three-turn, mohawk (backward power three-turns), clockwise and counterclockwise
- Five-step mohawk sequence, clockwise and counterclockwise

Spins:

- Camel spin (minimum three revolutions)

Jumps:

- Waltz jump-loop jump combination
- Lutz jump

*Bonus Skill: Loop-loop combination

Skating Skills:

- Forward power pulls (R and L)
- Creative step sequence, skater’s choice, using a variety of three-turns, mohawks and toe steps

Spins:

- Camel-sit spin combination (minimum two revolutions each position)
- Layback or attitude spin or cross-foot spin (three revolutions)

Jumps:

- Waltz jump-half loop-Salchow jump sequence
- Beginning Axel

*Bonus Skill: Backward outside pivot, entry optional

## Adult Classes (16+ Years)

- Falling and recovery; on ice
- Forward marching
- Forward two-foot glide
- Forward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
- One forward swizzle/one backward swizzle (rocking horse)
- Dip
- Forward snowplow stop – two feet or one foot

- Forward skating across the width of the ice
- Forward one-foot glides, R and L
- Forward slalom
- Backward skating
- Backward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
- Two-foot turns in place

- Forward stroking using the blade properly (begin with repetitive one-foot pushes)
- Forward half-swizzle pumps on the circle; 6 to 8 in a row, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Moving forward to backward and backward to forward two-foot turn on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Backward skating into a long two-foot glide
- Forward chasses on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Backward snowplow stop, R and L

- Forward outside edge on a circle, R and L
- Forward inside edge on a circle, R and L
- Forward crossovers, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Backward one-foot glides, R and L
- Backward half-swizzle pumps on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Hockey stop, both directions

- Backward outside edge on circle, R and L
- Backward inside edge on a circle, R and L
- Backward crossovers, clockwise and counterclockwise
- Forward outside three-turn, R and L
- Forward swing rolls to a count of six
- Beginning two-foot spin

- Forward stroking with crossover end patterns
- Backward stroking with crossover end patterns
- Forward inside three-turn, R and L
- Forward outside to inside change of edge on a line, R and L
- T-stop, R or L
- Lunge
- Two-foot spin into one-foot spin